list-of-national-animals

List of National Animals Around the World

National Symbols represent the civilization and culture of a country in a symbolic form. Every country has its own National Animal. The National Animal is selected by considering their culture, tradition, ecology, mythology, etc. National Symbols show the national significance of the country and its people. Strict laws have made to protect these animals and it is illegal to hunt or harm them.

Most of the countries are better known from their symbols rather than the country itself. Let’s have a look at the various national animals of countries around the world.

List of National Animals

CountryName of AnimalsScientific NamePictures
Afghanistan Snow leopard Panthera unciaAccipitridae Snow_leopard
Albania Eagle Accipitridae Aquila_chrysaetos
Algeria Fennec fox Vulpes zerda Fennec_Foxes
Angola Red-crested turaco (national bird) Tauraco erythrolophus Redcrested-Turaco
Anguilla Zenaida dove Zenaida aurita Zenida_aurita
Antigua and Barbuda
  • Fallow deer (national animal)




  • Frigate (national bird)




  • Hawksbill turtle (national sea creature)
  • Fallow deer (national animal)




  • Frigate (national bird)




  • Hawksbill turtle (national sea creature)
Fallow_deer
Fregata_magnificens
Hawksbill_Turtle
Argentina Rufous hornero Furnarius rufus Furnarius_rufus
Australia
  • Red kangaroo (national animal)




  • Emu (national bird)




  • Macropus rufus




  • Dromaius novaehollandiae




Red_kangaroo
Emu
Austria
  • Austrian Bundesadler (heraldic "Federal Eagle")




  • Barn swallow (national bird)




  • Mythical




  • Hirundo rustica




Austrian-Bundesadler
Barn-swallow
Azerbaijan Karabakh horse Equus ferus caballus Karabakh-horse
Bangladesh
  • Bengal tiger (national animal)




  • Magpie robin (national bird)




  • Ilish (national fish)
  • Panthera tigris tigris




  • Copsychus saularis




  • Tenualosa ilisha
Panthera_tigris
Magpie_robin
Ilish
Belarus European bison Bison bonasus European-bison
Belgium Leo Belgicus (heraldic "Belgic lion") Mythical Leo-Belgicus
Botswana Plains zebra (national animal) Equus quagga Equus_quagga
Belize
  • Baird's tapir (national animal)




  • Keel-billed toucan (national bird)




  • Tapirus bairdii




  • Ramphastos sulfuratus




bairds tapir
Keel-billed-toucan
Bhutan
  • Druk




  • Takin




  • Mythical




  • Budorcas taxicolor




druk
Takin
Brazil Rufous-bellied thrush (national bird) Turdus rufiventris Turdus-rufiventris
Cambodia Kouprey Bos sauveli Kouprey
Canada
  • North American beaver (national animal)




  • Canadian horse (national horse)




  • Castor canadensis




  • Equus ferus caballus




North-American-beaver
Canadian-horse
China
  • Chinese dragon (national animal)




  • Giant panda (national animal)




  • Red-crowned crane (national bird)
  • Mythical




  • Ailuropoda melanoleuca




  • Grus japonensis
Chinese-dragon
Giant_Panda
Red-crowned_Crane
Democratic Republic of the Congo Okapi Okapia johnstoni Okapi
Colombia Andean condor Vultur gryphus Andean-condor
Costa Rica
  • Yigüirro (national bird)




  • White-tailed deer (national animal)




  • West Indian manatee (national aquatic animal)
  • Turdus grayi




  • Odocoileus virginianus




  • Trichechus manatus
Yigüirro
White-tailed-deer
West-Indian-manatee
Croatia Pine marten Martes martes Pine-marten
Cuba Cuban trogon Priotelus temnurus Cuban-trogon
Cyprus Cypriot mouflon Ovis Orientalis Cypriot-mouflon
Czech Republic Double-tailed lion Mythical Double-tailed-lion
Denmark
  • Red squirrel (national mammal)




  • Mute swan (national bird)




  • Small tortoiseshell (national butterfly)
  • Sciurus vulgaris




  • Cygnus olor




  • Aglais urticae
Red-squirrel
Mute-swan
Small-tortoiseshell
Egypt Steppe eagle Aquila nipalensis Steppe-eagle
Estonia Wolf Canis lupus wolf
Eritrea Arabian camel Camelus dromedarius Arabian-camel
Ethiopia Lion Panthera leo Lion
Faroe Islands Eurasian oystercatcher (national bird) Haematopus ostralgus Eurasian-oystercatcher
Finland
  • Brown bear (national animal)




  • Whooper swan (national bird)




  • Holly blue (national butterfly)




  • European perch (national fish)




  • Seven-spot ladybird (national insect)
  • Ursus arctos




  • Cygnus cygnus




  • Celastrina argiolus




  • Perca fluviatilis




  • Coccinella septempunctata
Brown-bear
Whooper-swan
Holly-blue
European-perch
Seven-spot-ladybird
France Gallic rooster Gallus gallus domesticus Gallic-rooster
Gabon Black panther Panthera pardus Black-panther
Gambia Lion Panthera leo Lion
Germany Bundesadler (heraldic "Federal Eagle") Mythical Bundesadler
Greece Dolphin (national animal) Delphinus Dolphin
Guatemala Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno Quetzal
Haiti Hispaniolan Trogan Priotelus roseigaster Hispaniolan Trogan
Honduras White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus White-tailed-deer
Hungary Turul Mythical (most probably Falco cherrug) Turul
Iceland Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus Gyrfalcon
India
  • Royal Bengal tiger (national animal)




  • Indian peacock (national bird)




  • King cobra (national reptile)




  • Ganges river dolphin (national aquatic animal)




  • Indian elephant (national heritage animal)
  • Panthera tigris tigris




  • Pavo cristatus




  • Ophiophagus hannah




  • Platanista gangetica gangetica




  • Elephas maximus indicus
Panthera_tigris_tigris
Indian peacock
King cobra
Ganges river dolphin
Indian elephant
Indonesia
  • Komodo dragon (national animal)




  • Garuda (historic national animal)
  • Varanus komodoensis




  • Mythical
Komodo dragon
Garuda
Iran
  • Asiatic lion




  • Persian Leopard
  • Panthera leo persica




  • Panthera pardus saxicolor
Asiatic lion
Persian Leopard
Iraq
  • Chukar partridge




  • Goat
  • Alectoris chukar




  • Capra aegagrus
Chukar partridge
Goat
Ireland Red deer Cervus elaphus Red deer
Israel Hoopoe (national bird) Upupa epops Hoopoe

cartooncharacters-banner

Ivory Coast African elephant Loxodonta African elephant
Jamaica Red-billed streamertail Trochilus polytmus Red-billed streamertail
Japan
  • Green pheasant (national bird)




  • Carp (national fish)


  • Phasianus versicolor




  • Cyprinus carpio


Green pheasant
Carp
Kenya Lion Panthera leo Panthera leo
Latvia
  • White wagtail (national bird)




  • Two-spotted ladybird (national insect)
  • Motacilla alba




  • Adalia bipunctata
White wagtail
Two-spotted ladybird
Lebanon
  • Striped Hyena (national animal)




  • Phoenix (national bird)
  • Hyaena hyaena




  • Mythical
Striped Hyena
Phoenix
Libya Lion Panthera leo Panthera leo
Lithuania White stork Ciconia ciconia White stork
Luxembourg Lion Panthera leo Panthera leo
North Macedonia Lion (in Macedonian heraldry) Panthera leo Panthera leo2
Madagascar
  • Zebu (in Malagasy heraldry)




  • Ring-tailed lemur (national animal)
  • Bos primigenius indicus




  • Lemur catta
Zebu
Ring-tailed lemur
Malaysia Malayan tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris jacksoni Panthera_tigris
Malta Pharaoh Hound (national animal) Canis lupus familiaris Pharaoh Hound
Macau Black-faced spoonbill (national animal) Platalea minor Black-faced spoonbill
Moldova Aurochs (national animal) Bos primigenius Aurochs
Mauritius Dodo Raphus cucullatus Dodo
Mexico
  • Golden eagle (national animal)




  • Xoloitzcuintli (national dog)




  • Jaguar (national mammal)






  • Grasshopper (national arthropod )







  • Vaquita (national marine mammal)
  • Aquila chrysaetos




  • Canis lupus familiaris




  • Panthera onca






  • Sphenarium purpurascens







  • Phocoena sinus
Golden eagle
Xoloitzcuintli
Jaguar
Grasshopper
Vaquita
Morocco Lion Panthera leo Panthera leo
Nepal
  • Cow (national animal)




  • Danphe (national bird)


  • Bos taurus indicus




  • Lophophorus impejanus


Cow
Danphe
Netherlands
  • Lion (heraldic symbol)




  • Black-tailed godwit (national bird)
  • Panthera leo




  • Limosa limosa
Panthera leo 3
Black-tailed godwit
New Zealand Kiwi Apteryx sp. Kiwi
Nigeria
  • Eagle




  • Black Crowned Crane (national bird)
  • Accipitridae




  • Balearica pavonina
Eagle
Black Crowned Crane
North Korea Chollima Mythical Chollima
Norway
  • Lion (royal national animal)




  • White-throated dipper (national bird)




  • Fjord horse (national horse)
  • Panthera leo




  • Cinclus cinclus




  • Equus ferus caballus
Panthera leo4
White-throated dipper
Fjord horse
Oman Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx Arabian oryx
Pakistan
  • Markhor (national animal)




  • Indus river dolphin (national aquatic mammal)




  • Chukar (national bird)




  • Indus crocodile (national reptile)




  • Shaheen falcon (heritage bird)




  • Snow leopard (national predator)
  • Capra falconeri




  • Platanista indicus minor




  • Alectoris chukar




  • Crocodylus palustris




  • Falco peregrinus peregrinator




  • Panthera uncia
Markhor
Indus river dolphin
Chukar partridge
Shaheen falcon
Snow leopard
Palestine Palestine sunbird (national bird) Cinnyris osea Palestine sunbird
Panama Harpy eagle Harpia harpyja Harpy eagle
Papua New Guinea Dugong (national marine mammal) Dugong dugon Dugong
Peru Vicuña (national animal) Vicugna vicugna Vicuña
Philippines Philippine eagle (national bird) Pithecophaga jefferyi Philippine eagle
Poland
  • White-tailed eagle (national bird)




  • White stork (national bird)




  • European bison (national animal)
  • Haliaeetus albicilla




  • Ciconia ciconia




  • Bison bonasus
White-tailed eagle
White-stork
European bison
Portugal
  • Rooster of Barcelos




  • Iberian Wolf
  • Mythical




  • Canis lupus signatus
Rooster of Barcelos
Iberian Wolf
Qatar Arabian oryx Oryx leucoryx Arabian oryx
Romania Lynx Lynx lynx Lynx
Russia
  • Eurasian brown bear (national animal)




  • Double-headed eagle (Traditional Coat of Arms)
  • Ursus arctos arctos




  • Mythical
Eurasian brown bear
Double-headed eagle
Rwanda Leopard Panthera pardus Persian Leopard
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent amazon Amazona guildingii Saint Vincent amazon
Serbia
  • Wolf




  • White eagle




  • Lynx
  • Canis lupus lupus




  • Mythical




  • Lynx lynx
wolf
White eagle
Lynx
Sierra Leone Lion Panthera leo Panthera leo

National Symbols of India


Singapore Lion Panthera leo Panthera leo
Somalia Leopard Panthera pardus Leopard
South Africa
  • Springbok (national animal)




  • Blue crane (national bird)




  • Galjoen (national fish)
  • Antidorcas marsupialis




  • Anthropoides paradiseus




  • Dichistius capensis
Springbok
Blue crane
Galjoen
South Korea Siberian tiger Panthera tigris altaica Siberian tiger
South Sudan African fish eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus vocifer African fish eagle
Spain Bull Bos taurus Bull
Sri Lanka
  • Lion (national animal)




  • Sri Lankan junglefowl (national bird)
  • Panthera leo




  • Gallus lafayettii
Panthera leo
Sri Lankan junglefowl
Sweden
  • Eurasian Elk/Moose (national animal)




  • Eurasian blackbird (national bird)
  • Alces alces




  • Turdus merula
Eurasian Elk
Eurasian blackbird
Tanzania Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis Giraffe
Thailand
  • Elephant (national animal)




  • Siamese fighting fish (national aquatic animal)
  • Elephas maximus




  • Betta splendens
Elephant
Siamese fighting fish
Togo Lion Panthera leo Panthera leo
United Arab Emirates
  • Arabian oryx (national animal)




  • Peregrine falcon (national bird)
  • Oryx leucoryx




  • Falco peregrinus
Arabian oryx
Peregrine falcon
Uganda Grey crowned crane Balearica regulorum Black Crowned Crane
United Kingdom
  • Lion (England)




  • Bulldog (Britain as "British Bulldog")




  • Red kite (Wales)




  • Unicorn (Scotland)




  • Y Ddraig Goch (The Red Dragon of Wales)
  • Panthera leo




  • Canis lupus familiaris




  • Milvus milvus




  • Mythical




  • Mythical
Lion
Bulldog
Red kite
Unicorn
Y Ddraig Goch
United States
  • Bald eagle (national bird)




  • American bison (national mammal)
  • Haliaeetus leucocephalus




  • Bison bison
bison
Venezuela Venezuelan troupial (national bird) Icterus icterus Venezuelan troupial
Zimbabwe
  • Sable antelope (national animal)




  • African fish eagle (national bird)
  • Hippotragus niger




  • Haliaeetus vocifer
Sable antelope
African fish eagle

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